a. Directed and received by each toward the other; reciprocal: mutual respect.

b. Having the same relationship to each other: They were cognitive companions, mutual brain-pickers (Cynthia Ozick).

c. Possessed in common: mutual interests.

2. Of, relating to, or in the form of mutual insurance.

[French mutuel, from Old French, from Latin mūtuus, borrowed; see mei- in Indo-European roots.]

mu′tu·al′i·ty (-ăl′ĭ-tē) n.

mu′tu·al·ly adv.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.




1. experienced or expressed by each of two or more people or groups about the other; reciprocal: mutual distrust.

2. common to or shared by both or all of two or more parties: a mutual friend; mutual interests.

3. (Insurance) denoting an insurance company, etc, in which the policyholders share the profits and expenses and there are no shareholders

[C15: from Old French mutuel, from Latin mūtuus reciprocal (originally: borrowed); related to mūtāre to change]

mutuality, ˈmutualness n

ˈmutually adv

Usage: The use of mutual to mean common to or shared by two or more parties was formerly considered incorrect, but is now acceptable. Tautologous use of mutual should be avoided: cooperation (not mutual cooperation) between the two countries

Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈmyu tʃu əl)


1. possessed, experienced, performed, etc., by each of two or more with respect to the other; reciprocal: mutual respect.

2. having the same relation each toward the other: mutual enemies.

3. held in common; shared: mutual interests.

4. pertaining to a form of corporate organization without stockholders, in which members proportionately share profits and losses, expenses, etc.

[1470–80; < Middle French mutuel < Latin mūtu(us) mutual, reciprocal (mūt(āre) to change (see mutate) + -uus deverbal adj. suffix) + Middle French -el (< Latin -ālis) -al1]

mu`tu•al′i•ty (-ˈæl ɪ ti) n.

mu′tu•al•ly, adv.

usage: The earliest (15th century) meaning of mutual is “reciprocal”:Teachers and students sometimes suffer from mutual misunderstanding.By the 16th century mutual had developed the additional sense “held in common, shared”:Their mutual objective is peace.This use is occasionally criticized, on the grounds that the later sense development was somehow wrong.

Random House Kernerman Websters College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend: - common to or shared by two or more parties; a common friend; the mutual interests of management and labor

shared - have in common; held or experienced in common; two shared valence electrons forming a bond between adjacent nuclei; a shared interest in philately - concerning each of two or more persons or things; especially given or done in return; reciprocal aid; reciprocal trade; mutual respect; reciprocal privileges at other clubs

Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


adjective shared, common, joint, interactive, returned, communal, reciprocal, interchangeable, reciprocated, correlative, requited The East and West can work together for mutual benefit.

Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002



1. Having the same relationship each to the other:

2. Belonging to, shared by, or applicable to all alike:

The American Heritage® Rogets Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
















lẫn nhau

Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ˈmjuːtʃʊəl] adj

(= common) [benefit, interest] → commun(e)
a mutual friend → un ami commun

(= reciprocal) [respect, understanding, support] → mutuel(le), réciproque
the feeling is mutual → cest réciproquemutual fund n (US)société f dinvestissement (de type SICAV)

Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(ˈmjuːtʃuəl) adjective

1. given etc by each of two or more to the other(s). mutual help; Their dislike was mutual.

2. common to, or shared by, two or more. a mutual friend.

ˈmutually adverb

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


مُتَبَادِلٌ vzájemný gensidig gegenseitig αμοιβαίος mutuo molemminpuolinen mutuel uzajaman reciproco 相互の 서로의 wederzijds gjensidig wzajemny mútuo взаимный ömsesidig ซึ่งมีส่วนร่วมกัน karşılıklı lẫn nhau 相互的

Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

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